A common problem with the 1600i engine is rattling hydraulic tappets, especially after the car has not been driven for a few days.† This could be caused by any of the following:-
- Engine stood idle for a few days (about 2 days or longer).
- Incorrect Oil Type/Grade.† Use 15W40 mineral engine oil only !!
- Oil level too low !!† Top up the oil level, but never overfill it !!
- Sludge within the engine oil.
- Air present within the hydraulic tappets themselves (e.g. air inside its piston)
The following sections will attempt to explain how to stop the hydraulic tappets from rattling.
The first simple solution to this problem is to simply drive the car carefully for about 15 minutes.† The engine should have stopped rattling by then.
Flush Out the Sludge Within the Engine:-
If the engine has not stopped rattling after it has warmed up (after about 15 minutes) then the engine may have sludge within its own oil.
To remove the sludge, do the following:-
- At 200 miles (300 km) before the next service is due, add some liquid molybdenum disulphide (e.g. Liquid Moly) to the engineís own oil.
- Drive the car normally for the next 200 miles (300 km).
- Flush out the engine with engine flush and change the oil.
The oil flow-rate can be increased by turning out the very large cheese-headed bolts on the bottom of the crankcase.† These are located on the left hand side of the crankcase.† The front one is next to the gearbox and the rear one is next to the oil filter.
Another possible solution is to replace the oil pressure relief valves (this problem is rare).
††††††††† Front oil pressure relief valve††††††††††††††††††††† Rear oil pressure relief valve
Caution! Make sure that you do not increase the oil flow-rate by too much otherwise oil may
†††††††††††††† leak through the engineís gaskets !!
If the above did not work, then there may be air present within the hydraulic tappets.† This will require the engine to be removed from the car and its crankcase split.† This is not for the faint-hearted !!
To check to see if there is air present within the hydraulic tappets, do the following:-
- Unclip the rocker covers and remove them
- Push down on each of the rocker arms where they connect to the push rods within the cylinder heads.† The rocker arms should not move under heavy thumb pressure.† If any of them do then those tappets will have air present within them.
Use heavy thumb pressure on these parts of the rocker arms.
Use heavy thumb pressure on these parts of the rocker arms.
If air is present within any of the tappets, then do the following:-
- Remove the engine from the car (see the Engine Removal and Re-Installation section for further information).
- Remove the distributor.† (Make sure that you mark up both the distributor and the crankcase with a marker pen.† This will help you to re-install the distributor back into itís correct position).
- Remove the distributor gear.† Be careful that you do not damage it during the process !
- Remove the crankshaft pulley wheel.
-†††† Remove the clutch and flywheel.† The flywheel its self will be very tight.† Use a
††††† very large torque wrench, a long bar and a flywheel locking tool to undo the
††††† flywheel nut.† Be careful that you donít hurt yourself !!
- Split the crankcase.
-†††† Remove the camshaft from the crankcase.† The hydraulic tappets should now be
To remove air from the tappets, do the following:-
- Pry off the circlup (1) from the top of the hydraulic tappetís piston.
-†††† Remove the pushrod end of the piston (2), the piston itís self (3) and its spring,
††††† etc . (items 4 to 7).
- Now fill up the tappet with engine oil via the tappetís lateral drilling (8) whilst the tappet is upright.
- Re-assemble the hydraulic tappet, which is done by doing the following:-
-†††† Use an old pushrod and saw one end of it off.
-†††† Now put the hydraulic tappet and the sawn-off pushrod into a vice.†
††††† When you are re-assembling the tappet, make sure that the ball (4) is located
††††† in the cup (6) is located correctly as shown below.† You may need a piece of
††††† wire or a very small screwdriver to do this.
-†††† Slowly do up the vice to push the hydraulic tappet back together.†
††††† Replace the circlip once the hydraulic tappet has been squeezed up together.
- The hydraulic tappet should now be ready for use and can be put back into the
Exploded view of a hydraulic
tappet:- 1.†† Circlip 2.†† Pushrod End 3.†† Piston 4.†† Ball 5.
Cup Washer 7.
Spring 8.†† Tappet Housingís (Laterel) Oil Drilling
Exploded view of a hydraulic tappet:-
2.†† Pushrod End
5. Small Spring
6. Cup Washer
7. Large Spring
8.†† Tappet Housingís (Laterel) Oil Drilling
If the hydraulic tappet is badly worn out or damaged then it must be replaced !!
Hereís what a real 1600I hydraulic tappet looks like:-
Circlip Pushrod end Bearing ? Piston Spring Hydralic Tappet Housing
Hydralic Tappet Housing
Full exploded views of a 1600i hydraulic tappet
After all of the hydraulic tappets have had the air removed from them, then the following should be done:-
- Re-install the camshaft in the crankcase
- Re-assemble the crankcase
- Re-assemble the clutch, flywheel and crankshaft pulley
- Re-install the engine back into the car
- The hydraulic tappets should now be left to settle for at least 10 minutes before you do anything else.
After the hydraulic tappets have been settled, the adjustment of them must now be checked.
Checking the firing-point of
each cylinder.† The rotor arm should
line up with the notch on the distributor when cylinder 1 is at itís
firing-point. Note the direction of the arrow
!† This is the direction that you
should move the engine with a ratchet and socket. Note: This is
not a real 1600i ††††††††† distributor but an old ††††††††† carburettor-based one.
Distributor Ė Inner View
Checking the firing-point of each cylinder.† The rotor arm should line up with the notch on the distributor when cylinder 1 is at itís firing-point.
Note the direction of the arrow !† This is the direction that you should move the engine with a ratchet and socket.
Note: This is not a real 1600i
††††††††† distributor but an old
††††††††† carburettor-based one.
First of all move the crankshaft until the number 1 cylinder is at itís firing-point.† A good way of knowing when it is at itís firing point is to look at the rotor arm inside the distributor as shown below:-
The inlet and exhaust valves for the number 1 cylinder can now be adjusted.† The photo below shows the layout of the cylinder head:-
Cylinder Head (Inner View) 1 = Adjustment Screw 2 = Locking Nut A = Exhaust Valve †††††† (AuslaŖventil) E = Inlet Valve ††††† (EinlaŖventil)
Cylinder Head (Inner View)
1 = Adjustment Screw
2 = Locking Nut
A = Exhaust Valve
E = Inlet Valve
Adjust cyllinder oneís exhaust (A) valve.† Slacken the locking nut (2) and turn the adjustment screw (1) until the screw just touches the rocker arm.† Now tighten that screw by a further 1 Ĺ turns and tighten-up the locking nut.† Make sure that the adjustment screw does not rotate when you tighten-up the locking nut !!
Repeat the same procedure for number one cylinderís inlet (E) valve.
Now rotate the engine until cylinder 2 is at itís firing point.†
Note:†† There are no markings on the distributorís housing for cylinders 2, 3 and 4.†
††††††††††† Use a protractor and a marker pen to mark up the firing points of cylinders 2, 3 and 4.
††††††††††† These will be at 90į away from each other.
Repeat the same procedure for cylinder 2.
Repeat the same procedure for cylinders 3 and 4.
After the hydraulic tappets have been adjusted, re-install the rocker arm covers and the engine should not rattle anymore.
1 = Hydraulic Tappets††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 5 = Valve Stems
2 = Push Rods††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 6 = Locking Nuts
3 = Push Rod Tubes††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 7 = Adjustment Screws
4 = Rocker Arms†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 8 = Camshaft
Engine Parts List:-
3† ††††††† †043 109 309†††† Hydraulic tappets†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 8
2†† †††††† 113 109 301 E † Push Rods F > > 11-T-021 008†††††††††††††††††††††††††† 8
2†† †††††† 043 109 301†††† Push Rods F 11-T-021 009> >††† ††††††††††††††††††††††††† 8
4 †††††††† 113 109 337 A†† Push Rod Tubes††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 8
5†† †††††† 113 109 345 A† Hydraulic tappet seals†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 16
This document was translated into english (in my own words from what I have understood of it) by myself, Phil Ade on Tuesday 14th March 2006.†
This documentation has also been updated on Tuesday 17th April 2007 by Phil Ade.
The original german documentation is on the 1600i website (www.1600i.de) in various sections.